Why we need critical thinking, in 17 quotes
Updated: Dec 3, 2019
Critical thinking is smarter thinking. The ability to think critically is what makes us capable of tackling new challenges – and completing them well.
Critical thinking skills help employees to plan more efficiently and use good judgement to cope with an increased flow of digital information. It teaches the best ways of evaluating evidence, and using the results to come up with innovative new solutions to problems. And it makes it quicker, safer, and easier to come up with informed and creative decisions.
A workforce that thinks critically is increasingly necessary in a rapidly-changing business market in which agile organizations continue to thrive.
And leaders in business, education, and self-development agree: here’s why critical thinking matters, in their own words.
1. "Critical thinking is the key to creative problem solving in business." Richard Branson, CEO and Founder, Virgin Group
2. "I'm calling on our nation's governors and state education chiefs to develop standards and assessments that measure whether students possess 21st century skills like problems-solving and critical thinking."
Barak Obama [Source]
3. "The No. 1 think we look for is general cognitive ability, and it's not IQ. It's learning ability. It;s the ability to process on the fly"
Lazlo Bock, Senior Vice President of People Operations at Google [Source]
4. "If you want to succeed in 21st-century business you need to become a critical thinker"
John Baldoni, Chair of leadership Development at N2Growth [Source]
5.“Even if we do arrive at a point where most work is done by computers, cognitive skills will still matter — not for the economy, but for the successful functioning of a democratic society. In such a society, a great deal will turn on the ownership and regulation of the computers and robots doing all the work, and the debates around such issues will require an educated and informed populace.”
Daisy Christodoulou, R&D Manager at Ark Schools [Source]
6. “California teachers say critical thinking skills, not scores on standardized tests, are the best way to assess whether students are prepared for success in college and the workplace”
College and Career Readiness Survey, 2015 [Source]
7.“School education has tended to focus on developing the core cognitive competences — for example, reading, writing and arithmetic. Smart machines have long since surpassed humans in their ability to do the first and third of these. And they are fast catching-up on the second. That begs the question of whether there are other skills where humans’ comparative advantage is greater.”
Andy Haldane, Chief Economist at the Bank of England
8."We need to teach kids creative thinking, and we're teaching them the opposite"
Lawrence M. Krauss, Professor of Physics at Arizona State University
9."Creativity is as important in education as literacy and we should treat it with the same status"
Sir Ken Robinson, Emeritus Professor of Education at the University of Warwick
10.“If today’s students want to compete in this global society, they must be proficient communicators, creators, critical thinkers, and collaborators (the “Four Cs”).”
National Education Association
11.“The most important attribute that education can bring to anyone is the ability to think critically. In an era where information and knowledge is universally available, it is the power to comprehend, assess and analyse which makes the difference – those are the critical thinking skills.”
Charles Clarke, former UK Secretary of State for Education
12.“Today’s students need critical thinking and problem-solving skills not just to solve the problems of their current jobs, but to meet the challenges of adapting to our constantly changing workforce.”
Ken Kay, CEO of EduLeader [Source]
13."The hallmark of American education [is that it is] an education designed to create thinking citizens for a free society."
American Association of University Professors [Source]
14.“Successful individuals are those who have creative skills, to produce a vision for how they intend to make the world a better place for everyone; analytical intellectual skills, to assess their vision and those of others; practical intellectual skills, to carry out their vision and persuade people of its value; and wisdom, to ensure that their vision is not a selfish one.”
Robert Sternberg, Professor of Human Development at Cornell [Source]
15.“Faculty members [agree] almost unanimously that teaching students to think critically is the principle aim of undergraduate education.”
Derek Bok [Source]
16.“While they may be acquiring subject-specific knowledge or greater self- awareness on their journeys through college, many students are not improving their skills in critical thinking, complex reasoning, and writing.”
Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa [Source]